AMIP experiment (within 1950-2016) following the design described by Taylor et al. (2012) . External forcing data are those used with the CMIP5 historical and RCP4.5 experiments. The SST and sea ice
Future experiment (2106-2116) representing a climate warmer by 1.5°C than under pre-industrial conditions (1861-1880) following the AMIP design described by Taylor et al. (2012) .